Skincare Blog

Photodamaged Skin: Causes And Remedies

Simple tips to reduce photodamage naturally 

Photodamage is a skin condition that is caused by prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation. It shows up on our skin in the form of wrinkles, fine lines, freckles, dryness, dark spots and hyperpigmentation.

It is also referred to as photoageing because ultraviolet radiation from sunlight causes the structure and texture of our skin to change, in a similar manner to how our skin responds to ageing.

Let us learn about how we can prevent photodamaged skin and how to reduce photodamage naturally.


CAUSES OF PHOTODAMAGED SKIN

  • Less melanin production –
    Melanin is a natural pigment which gives your hair, eyes and skin their colour. If your skin cells make lesser melanin, then you have a lighter complexion, eye, and hair colour. And if more melanin is produced by your skin cells, then you have a dusky complexion, and darker eyes and hair colour. This depends on your genetics and place of birth.
    Research indicates that people with porcelain and beige complexions are more at risk for developing skin conditions related to sun damage. In other words, people with lighter complexions get sunburnt and tan more easily compared to people with dusky complexions.
  • Geographical location –
    According to a study, Asian skin and Caucasian skin show different forms of photodamage. It was observed that most people in North America and Europe develop wrinkles and fine lines as a result of photodamage, whereas most people in Asia do not develop wrinkles till the age of 50 years. Instead, photodamage appears in their skin in the form of dark spots, and pigmented skin lesions and skin growth.
  • Prolonged UV exposure –
    People who spend a major part of their day in sunlight, such as farmers, construction workers, athletes, travellers, etc. are more prone to getting photodamaged skin.
    Activities that encourage excess exposure to ultraviolet radiation, such as sunbathing or using tanning beds, contribute to adverse effects, such as sunburn and reduced cellular immunity, and photoageing in the long run. 
  • Cigarette smoking –
    Research indicates that smoking cigarettes leads to a decrease in blood circulation in the skin, while damaging connective skin tissues and making our skin more prone to getting photodamaged.
  • Age-related factors –
    As we age, our dermal barrier starts to weaken, and our skin starts getting thinner, thereby increasing its chances of getting damaged in the sun.
    According to a study, oestrogen deficiency is an important factor that leads to signs of ageing, and makes skin more prone to getting photodamaged in post-menopausal women.

SIMPLE TIPS TO MINIMIZE PHOTODAMAGE

  • Prevent prolonged sun exposure
    UV rays are not only present in our atmosphere on sunny days, but also on cloudy and rainy days. They are not just present on the beach, but they also affect our skin in hilly terrains. In colder climates, ultraviolet rays bounce back from the snow and reflect on our skin, leading to photodamaged skin.
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends avoiding prolonged sun exposure between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. because the sun’s rays are most intense during this time period.
    Whenever you are going outdoors during the day, keep your skin covered by wearing full-length clothing, a hat, scarf and sunglasses.
  • Use sun protection
    According to a study, both short-term and long‐term skin concerns caused by ultraviolet radiation can be reduced by nearly 80% if sunscreens are applied to the skin properly, especially during a person’s youth years.
    The same study also explains that while both naturally aged skin and photodamaged skin experience thinning, loss of elasticity and decreased collagen, yet, in cases where naturally aged skin is sun-protected, it remains smooth and free from blemishes.
    Use a water-resistant formula, and reapply every two hours, or sooner if you are swimming, exercising, or spending time in an outdoor setting.
  • Use antioxidants
    Antioxidants such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E, beta‐carotene, and alpha‐hydroxy acids (AHAs) help to minimise the effects of photodamage, and also strengthen our skin’s protective barrier, while enhancing its immunity to fight against environmental stressors and oxidative stress.
    Antioxidants also slow down the signs of ageing, and reduce the breakdown of collagen in ageing skin.
  • Use carotenoids in skin care
    Research shows that carotenoids such as lycopene and lutein found in fruits such as tomato and papaya, protect our skin against UV damage, repair photodamaged skin, improve skin tone and slow down the signs of ageing.
    Another study shows that carotenoids and phenolic compounds called umbelliferones found in carrot reduce the appearance of hyperpigmentation in the skin, and promote antioxidant activity while providing added UV protection.
  • Exfoliate regularly
    Sun damage slows down the rate at which our body replaces dead skin with new skin cells. This leads to dullness in the complexion, uneven skin tone, dark spots and congested pores. Weekly or bi-monthly exfoliation, according to your skin type, can help to improve the cell turnover rate and promote even skin tone.
    However, exfoliation can also make our skin more prone to photosensitivity (skin irritation and redness caused by excess sun exposure). So make sure to exfoliate only in your night-time routine, and use sun protection daily.

JUICY CHEMISTRY PRODUCTS THAT HELP TO REDUCE PHOTODAMAGE

  • Camellia and Red Raspberry Certified Natural Sunscreen
    Our natural sunscreen is cosmos certified and reef-safe. It is a water-resistant formula made with 25% zinc oxide to provide broad spectrum UV protection to your skin, and Organic Shea Butter and Red Raspberry Seed Oil for added sun protection and moisturising properties.
  • Potato, Tomato and Lemongrass Organic Soap
    Juicy Chemistry’s Potato, Tomato and Lemongrass Organic Soap is made with saponified Olive and Coconut Oils and Shea and Mango Seed Butters to nourish and repair skin barrier. It has Potato and Tomato extracts to reduce the appearance of tan, and Lemongrass, Tulsi and Bergamot Essential Oils to soothe inflammation and improve the texture of your skin.
  • Carrot, Rosehip and Neroli Organic Soap
    It is formulated with saponified Olive Oil, Shea Butter and Mango Seed Butters to provide a gentle cleanse and moisturising properties, Carrot extract and Rosehip Seed Oil to repair sun-damage and reduce the appearance of scars, and Neroli and Patchouli Essential Oils to reduce the effects of oxidative stress on the skin.
  • Bulgarian Rose Water
    Juicy Chemistry flower waters are 100% natural and cosmos certified organic. They are prepared by the method of steam-distillation.
    Our Bulgarian Rose Water is clinically proven to brighten the natural tone of your skin. It also hydrates dry skin, improves the texture of your skin, gives it a cooling and fresh feeling in hot weather, and provides anti-ageing benefits.
  • Aloe Vera Water Toner
    Juicy Chemistry Aloe Vera Water Toner promotes skin repair and cools sun-damaged skin. It replenishes moisture in the skin, hydrates and nourishes dry skin, and regulates sebum on oily and combination skin. It also provides anti-inflammatory support to sensitive skin by soothing redness, itchiness, skin irritation and inflammation, and promoting wound healing.
  • Saffron and Red Raspberry Facial Oil
    It is a moisturising day oil which contains Red Raspberry Seed and Camellia Seed Oils and Rosemary and Jasmine Essential Oils to provide protection against sun-damage and oxidation, and Saffron extract to enhance the natural tone and texture of the skin. This facial oil is also suitable for acne prone skin.
  • Helichrysum and Rosehip Facial Oil
    A fast-absorbing facial oil meant for night-time application, it has Rosehip and Carrot Seed Oils to repair sun-damaged skin, and Neroli, Helichrysum and Frankincense Essential Oils to improve skin tone.

 FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

  1. Who can use Juicy Chemistry products for reducing photodamage?
    Juicy Chemistry products are cosmos certified organic and natural. We use fresh ingredients from organic farms. Our formulations are gentle, and also cruelty-free. Our products are dermatologically tested for safety.
    We proudly mention all the ingredients on the labels in order for you to make an informed choice. However, every ingredient and product works differently on different skin types. Hence, we recommend patch-testing every product on your inner arm before applying it to your face or body.
  2. How long do Juicy Chemistry products take to show results?
    Our skin experiences months of wear and tear before it starts showing signs for concern. Hence, time taken by any natural remedy to show visible results depends on how deep the concern goes into your skin.
    When it comes to using natural ingredients for skin brightening, reducing sun-damage or restoring your skin’s moisture barrier, consistency and patience are key.

REFERENCES –

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6769024/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16117739/
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6482986/
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/23053552/