Before we delve into how to get rid of blackheads naturally at home, let’s understand what blackheads are and why do they occur.
What are Blackheads?
Blackheads or ‘open comedo’ are basically clogged hair follicles that appear as tiny bumps on the surface of the skin. These bumps have a dark brown or black head and hence the name ‘blackhead’. Amongst the 6 types, blackheads are known to be the most common and mild form of acne. One usually spots them on the face around the nose, chin, lips and even in the ears however, they can very well appear on the back, chest, neck, arms and legs too.
What causes Blackheads?
Blackheads appear when a plug of sebum (oily substance naturally secreted by the skin) and dead skin cells develop at the opening of the pore, that is it remains at the surface of the skin but not deeper into the pore unlike pimples. The blackheads typically do not get inflamed or swollen leading to pain. The head gets a deep dark colour due to oxidation by exposure to air.
Here are some of the common causes of blackheads -
- Oil and dead skin cells build up - the primary cause of blackheads is the pore clog accumulation that can happen by excess sebum secretion, dead skin cells and even makeup.
- Excessive sweating and exposure to environmental stressors - under - cleansing after engaging in activities that lead to sweating, application of makeup or getting exposed to pollution and dirt is another major cause of blackheads.
- Dead skin cells not being shed off regularly - accumulation of dead skin cells is a major cause of blackheads. It is important to regularly exfoliate the skin to ensure dead skin is scrubbed away.
- Hormonal changes - when your body undergoes hormonal changes, it may trigger excess oil production and thereby leading to clogging of the pore.
Home Remedies for Blackhead Removal
Here are some quick remedies for blackhead removal at home -
Steam is an easy and effective way to and get rid of blackheads. It helps to open up the clogged pores and softens the trapped sebum, grime and dead skin cells. You can take steam once or twice a week for 5 - 10 mins till you feel the pores have opened up. Rinse the face with lukewarm water and gently wipe away the blackheads and dead skin cells using a soft towel.
Oil cleanse -
As they say, iron cuts iron, likewise oil dissolves oil! Oil cleansing helps dissolve all the excess sebum, dirt and grime accumulated in the pores. Take a few drops of a non - comedogenic oil like cold pressed argan oil (dry skin) or cold pressed hemp seed oil (oily skin) and gently massage in circular motions. Follow up with your regular face wash and moisturizer or facial oil.
Green tea mask
Steep a bag of green tea in water for sometime. Cut open the bag and add a drizzle of honey and any of our toners to make a paste. Apply generously on blackhead prone areas and let it rest till its semi - dry. Gently scrub to cleanse the pores and wash with lukewarm water. You can use this mask once or twice a week. Steaming prior to this step will enhance its effectiveness.
Go for clay!
Clay is your best friend if your pores tend to clog up on you! Clay masks help dig up all the accumulated oil, dirt and grime deep seated in the pores. Take a teaspoon of fuller’s earth and mix it with our certified organic rose water to make a smooth paste. Apply on the affected areas and just before the mask begins to crack, wet it a bit and massage gently in circular motions to get rid of the excess oil on your skin and deep cleanse the pores.
Now while home remedies are great for blackheads removal at home, it is even crucial to maintain and follow an appropriate skin care routine to keep those nasty blackheads at bay!
Skin Care Routine for Blackheads with Juicy Chemistry -
- Deep cleansing face wash - your cleanser must be gentle, deep cleansing with antibacterial properties to ensure blackheads do not pay you regular visits. Try our certified organic Tea Tree, Neem and Rosemary Cold Pressed Soap or Hemp, Tea Tree and Neem Liquid Organic Face Wash
- Pick the right toner - pick a toner that helps regulate sebum production, tighten pores and also has antibacterial properties. Our certified organic Australian Tea Tree and Basil Toner checks it all!
- Regularly exfoliate - exfoliation is recommended once or twice a week. Now you may stick to the above Green Tea Mask DIY or get one of our certified organic face scrubs as per your skin type. Take steam beforehand to soften the skin to help the scrub perform better. (PS: always exfoliate with wet fingers exercising least pressure)
- Mask it up! - masking can really help deep cleanse the pores and dig out all the excess sebum, grime and dead skin cells. Try our certified organic Kakadu Plum, Matcha and Blood Orange Face Mask to not just keep away the blackheads but also get back your glow!
- Non - comedogenic Moisturizer / Facial Oil - your skin needs all the moisture you can give to it but you have to ensure the ingredients are non - comedogenic. You can try our non - pore clogging Saffron And Red Raspberry Facial Oil or even cold pressed carrier oils like Argan, Hemp or Rosehip.
Lifestyle changes to get rid of blackheads!
- Keep your skin clean!
- Wash your face twice a day especially on days when you step out.
Use clean laundry!
It is very important to ensure that you use clean towels, pillow cases and basically everything that comes in touch with your skin regularly.
Clean your phone screen regularly!
Believe it or not, your phone screen is exposing you to a lot of dirt. Clean it regularly especially before bringing it near to your face.
DO NOT touch your face often!
Our hands touch so many things and carry a lot of germs as well as dirt. Keep them away from your face unless you wash them first.
Invest in the right products!
Pick the right products for yourself. Be cautious of what you are exposing your skin to and what works the best for the health of your skin.
Some myths about Blackheads -
- While blackheads are more common for oily skin, you may get them even if you have dry skin!
- While it may look like dirt is trapped in the pore, it is not dirt! The head gets black to oxidation.
- You can get blackheads even when your skin is not particularly acne prone.
Sources referred to:
- Blackhead removal: Things to consider (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Management of acne (nih.gov)